China Journey Restrictions 2021/22 – Newest Journey and Entry Necessities

This text was initially posted on December 30, 2021, and final up to date on January 19, 2022, to replicate the most recent China journey restrictions.

UPDATE (January 19, 2022): China’s aviation authority has suspended an extra 20 inbound flights to China and canceled one flight route, in response to a discover printed on January 17. This follows earlier bulletins on January 7 and 11, by which a minimum of 76 flights had been suspended and three flight routes canceled. The flights had been suspended after passengers on earlier flights on these routes had examined optimistic for COVID-19. See our flight tracker desk for particulars.

UPDATE (January 7, 2022): The Chinese language Embassy within the U.S. introduced that passengers (each Chinese language residents and international residents) touring to China from the U.S. should stay within the metropolis of departure within the U.S. for seven days to bear well being monitoring and COVID-19 testing earlier than with the ability to board the China-bound flight. See the part on pre-flight COVID-19 testing for particulars.

  • China Briefing continues its protection of updates on China journey restrictions on international nationals in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • On this article, we offer an summary of the most recent China journey restrictions, together with the most recent rules on flights to China, learn how to receive a Chinese language visa, China entry necessities throughout COVID, and present China quarantine guidelines.
  • For normal COVID-19 updates, you’ll be able to verify our COVID-19 tracker, which is up to date each weekday.

Because the outbreak of COVID-19 in early 2020, China has imposed a strict “zero Covid” coverage to forestall the unfold of the virus and hold circumstances as near zero as doable.

This coverage has been largely profitable, with the very best variety of COVID-19 circumstances in 2021 numbering within the low 1000’s, far under that of many different international locations.

Regardless of excessive hopes initially of 2021 that China would start to chill out its guidelines and entry necessities, the latest Delta and Omicron outbreaks have solely impelled the federal government to double down on prevention measures, together with decreasing the variety of worldwide flight routes, growing the size of quarantines on arrival, and amping up home prevention measures.

On this article, we clarify how foreigners can enter China – from reserving a flight to acquiring a visa to present process pre- and post-flight testing and quarantine – and supply an summary of China’s home COVID-19 prevention measures and insurance policies.

Flights to China

Regardless of hopes that China would progressively start to ease border restrictions and permit extra worldwide flights into the nation, the worsening international pandemic and the unfold of the extremely contagious Delta and Omicron variants have led the authorities to take more durable prevention measures in the course of the winter and spring interval. As such, on October 29, 2021, the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) introduced that it will be decreasing the variety of worldwide passenger flights out and in of China to simply 408 per week from the interval between October 31, 2021 and March 26, 2022. It is a 21.1 p.c discount from the identical interval in 2020.

The CAAC is chargeable for approving direct worldwide flight routes to and from China, in addition to the airways authorized to function on these routes. Under is an summary of the flight routes presently authorized by the CAAC for the interval from October 31, 2021 to March 26, 2022. Notice that this checklist might not be exhaustive, and any given flight is topic to last-minute delays and cancellations. Passengers planning on flying to China are suggested to maintain a pointy eye on updates from the airline.

CAAC-Permitted Direct Flight Routes to Mainland China
Nation Departure Metropolis Vacation spot in China Airline(s) Standing Replace
Singapore Singapore Shanghai China Jap, Singapore Airways
Chongqing Singapore Airways
Chengdu Air China
Guangzhou China Southern
Nanjing Scoot
Xiamen Xiamen Airways
Xi’an China Jap
Hangzhou Air China
Shenzhen Singapore Airways
Wuhan China Southern
Japan Tokyo Guangzhou All Nippon Airways, China Southern, Japan Airways
Fuzhou Xiamen Airways
Xi’an China Jap
Shenyang China Southern
Hangzhou Air China, All Nippon Airways
Dalian Japan Airways
Shanghai Air China, China Jap, All Nippon Airways, Spring Airways
Harbin Spring Airways Japan
Nanjing Spring Airways Japan
South Korea Seoul Wuhan T’means Air
Jinan T’means Air
Weihai Jeju Air
Dalian Korean Air
Shenyang Korean Air, China Southern
Yantai Air Seoul, China Jap
Changchun Asiana Airways
Harbin Jeju Air, Asiana Airways
Tianjin Korean Air
Guangzhou Korean Air, China Southern
Shenzhen Shenzhen Airways
Hangzhou Air China
Xiamen Xiamen Airways
Beijing Air China
Chengdu Asiana Airways
Shanghai China Jap, Spring Airways
Jeju Xi’an Jin Air
Thailand Bangkok Xiamen Xiamen Airways
Kunming Kunming Airways, Fortunate Air
Shanghai Shanghai Airways, Spring Airways, Juneyao Air, China Jap
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Guangzhou China Southern
Laos Vientiane Guangzhou China Southern
Kunming Lao Airways From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
Myanmar Yangon Guangzhou Myanmar Airways Worldwide, China Southern
Kunming China Jap
Pakistan Islamabad Wuhan China Southern From Jan 17: 4 flights suspended.
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Shanghai Shanghai Airways
Guangzhou China Southern, Malaysia Airways
Xiamen Xiamen Airways
Indonesia Jakarta Shenzhen China Southern
Fuzhou Xiamen Airways
Kunming Citilink
Wuhan Lion Air From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Hangzhou Royal Brunei Airways
The Philippines Manila Guangzhou China Southern
Xiamen Xiamen Airways From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
Shanghai China Jap
Tianjin Philippine Airways From Jan 24: 4 flights suspended.
Bangladesh Dhaka Guangzhou US-Bangla Airways, China Southern
Kunming China Jap
Nepal Kathmandu Chongqing Himalaya Airways
Azerbaijan Baku Beijing Azerbaijan Airways
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Shanghai Etihad Airways From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
Kuwait Kuwait Guangzhou Kuwait Airways
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Guangzhou Saudia
Iraq Baghdad Guangzhou Iraqi Airways
Australia Melbourne Xiamen Xiamen Airways
Guangzhou China Jap
Sydney Xiamen Xiamen Airways
Guangzhou China Southern
Hangzhou China Jap
Shanghai China Jap
New Zealand Auckland Guangzhou China Southern
Shanghai China Jap, Air New Zealand
Germany Frankfurt Shanghai Lufthansa, China Jap
Hangzhou China Jap
Poland Warsaw Tianjin LOT Polish Airways From Jan 31: Two flights suspended.
Beijing Air China
France Paris Shanghai China Jap From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
Beijing Air China
Guangzhou China Southern From Jan 17: 4 flights suspended.
Tianjin Air France, Air China From Jan 24: 4 Air China flights suspended;
From Feb 21: Last scheduled Air China flight suspended.
Spain Madrid Shanghai Iberia Airways
Hangzhou Iberia Airways From Jan 17: 4 flights suspended.
Greece Athens Beijing Air China
Netherlands Amsterdam Shanghai China Jap
Xiamen Xiamen Airways From Jan 17: Two Thursday flights suspended; all Sunday flights canceled.
From Jan 31: Two flights suspended.
Guangzhou China Southern From Feb 7: 4 flights suspended.
Austria Vienna Shanghai Austrian Airways
Beijing Air China
Switzerland Zurich Shanghai SWISS From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
From Feb 7: 4 flights suspended.
Denmark Copenhagen Shanghai SAS
Finland Helsinki Shanghai Finn Air, Juneyao Air
Russia Moscow Shanghai Aeroflot From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
Beijing Air China
Zhengzhou Air China
Qingdao Air China
Turkey Istanbul Guangzhou Turkish Airways
Egypt Cairo Beijing Sichuan Airways
Hangzhou EgyptAir
Chengdu Sichuan Airways
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Shanghai Ethiopian Airways
Kenya Nairobi Guangzhou Kenya Airways
Changsha China Southern From Feb 7: Two flights suspended.
South Africa Johannesburg Beijing Air China
Shenzhen Air China
North America
USA Los Angeles Beijing Air China
Tianjin Air China
Guangzhou China Southern From Jan 31: Eight flights (arriving in CAN on Tuesdays) suspended;
4 flights (arriving in CAN on Sundays) suspended.
Xiamen Xiamen Airways From Jan 17: Two flights (arriving in Xiamen on Tuesdays) suspended.
From Jan 31: 4 flights (arriving in Xiamen on Fridays) suspended.
Shenzhen Air China From Jan 24: 4 flights suspended.
New York Shanghai China Jap From Jan 17: Two flights (arriving in Shanghai on Thursdays) suspended.
Dallas Shanghai American Airways From Feb 21: Two flights (arriving in Shanghai on Fridays) suspended.
Detroit Shanghai Delta Air Strains From Jan 31: Two flights (arriving in Shanghai on Saturdays) suspended.
San Francisco Shanghai United Airways From Jan 17: Two flights (arriving in Shanghai on Thursdays) suspended;
From Jan 24: 4 flights (two arriving on Mondays and two arriving on Sundays) suspended.
From Jan 31: Two flights (arriving in Shanghai on Saturdays) suspended.
  Seattle Shanghai Delta Air Strains From Jan 31: Two flights (arriving in Shanghai on Saturdays) suspended.
Canada Vancouver

Chengdu Sichuan Airways From Jan 17: Two Thursday flights suspended; all Sunday flights canceled.
Xiamen Xiamen Airways From Jan 24: 4 Saturday flights suspended; all Wednesday flights canceled.
Nanjing China Jap From Jan 24: Flight route canceled.
Toronto Shanghai China Jap From Jan 24: Two flights suspended.
Xi’an Hainan Airways
Guangzhou China Southern
Notice: The above routes are confirmed for the interval between October 31, 2021, and March 26, 2022. The checklist might not be exhaustive and is topic to vary.
Final up to date: January 19, 2022

Notice that not the entire above flight routes have usually scheduled flights; some could solely have as few as one or two scheduled flights in the course of the interval between October 31, 2021, and March 26, 2022.

To see the dates of presently scheduled flights authorized by the CAAC, lookup the departure metropolis and vacation spot on the CAAC web site’s flight search (Chinese language solely).

China journey restrictions

China has imposed strict journey restrictions on worldwide arrivals since March 2020 to cease the introduction of COVID-19 circumstances from overseas. Since then, the restrictions have successively been loosened and tightened once more in response to the altering state of affairs of the pandemic worldwide.

Along with the decreased frequency of worldwide passenger flights, restrictions embody restricted visa availability (together with a suspension of vacationer visas) and strict COVID-19 testing and quarantine necessities earlier than and after arrival in China.

Overview of previous China journey restrictions

China has been adjusting its journey/entry insurance policies every now and then primarily based on the worldwide pandemic state of affairs, and up to now, it has carried out 4 main phases of journey restrictions.

Part I: China first imposed journey restrictions on March 28, 2020. At the moment, foreigners from all international locations had been prohibited from coming into China on most kinds of visas. Exceptions got to those that held diplomatic, service, courtesy, or C visas; these touring to China for obligatory financial, commerce, scientific, or technological actions; or out of emergency humanitarian wants. New visas issued after March 28, 2020 weren’t affected.

Part II: The Part I restrictions had been quickly lifted in September 2020, when foreigners with legitimate residence permits for work, private issues, and reunion, could be allowed to enter the nation while not having to re-apply for brand spanking new visas.

These whose visas or residence permits had expired within the meantime might re-apply for related visas by presenting the expired residence permits, with out requiring a brand new invitation letter. The re-application needed to be on the situation that the aim of the visa or allow holders’ go to to China remained unchanged.

Part III:  On November 3, 2020, because of the worsening pandemic in a number of areas of the world, China re-imposed the preliminary guidelines set out in March of 2020 for international nationals from the next international locations: the UK, France, Italy, Belgium, Russia, Ukraine, Philippines, Bangladesh, India, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Uzbekistan, and South Africa.

Below this coverage, foreigners from these international locations might want to totally comply with the entry guidelines set throughout Part I restrictions. New visas issued after November 3, 2020 weren’t affected.

Part IV: In early March 2021, China introduced that vacationers who’ve acquired Chinese language COVID-19 vaccines and obtained the vaccination certificates can get pleasure from streamlined visa purposes from March 15, 2021. We focus on this in additional element under.

Acquiring a visa to China

At current, foreigners are permitted to enter China if they’ve a legitimate residence allow or a corresponding visa obtained after March 28, 2020 (aside from international nationals from the international locations exempted in Part III). Overseas nationals from the international locations listed in Part III are solely permitted entry if they’ve obtained a visa or residence allow after November 3, 2020, when the Part III restrictions had been imposed.

Under is an summary of the kinds of visas which can be presently being issued by Chinese language visa places of work.

Permitted Visa Varieties Throughout COVID-19
Permitted objective or ability set Visa kind(s) Required paperwork*
Visiting a critically ailing speedy Chinese language member of the family or attending/arranging the funeral of an instantaneous Chinese language member of the family (together with mother and father, partner, youngsters, grandparents, grandchildren).

Relations (together with spouses, youngsters, mother and father, grandparents, and siblings) of international residents who’ve everlasting residence in China.

Q1, Q2, S1, and S2 visas – Photocopies of the medical or demise certificates of the household member- Proof of relationship (start certificates, marriage certificates, Chinese language family registration, certificates letters from the native police bureau in China, notarial certificates of kinship, and many others.)

– Invitation letter from the relations in China

– Photocopy of the inviter’s Chinese language ID card

Overseas crew members of plane, trains, and ships, motorized vehicle drivers engaged in cross-border transport actions, and the accompanying relations of crew members of the above-mentioned ships. Crew visa (C visa) Assure letter or an invite letter issued by a related international transport firm, or an invite letter issued by a related entity in China.
Resumption of operation and manufacturing, together with for obligatory financial, commerce, scientific and technological functions.

Extremely certified expertise with ability units which can be urgently wanted in China.

Work, enterprise, or expertise visa (M, R, and Z visas) – Invitation letter from the corporate in China stating the precise causes and necessity of visiting China.

Invitation letter (PU) issued by the Provincial Overseas Affairs Workplace or Business Division, or work allow issued by a reliable division in China.

– Formal letter from the corporate within the applicant nation stating the precise causes and necessity of visiting China.

Diplomats, authorities officers Diplomatic visa, service, or courtesy visa
*Paperwork required along with commonplace software supplies. Chinese language visa places of work in several areas could have various necessities for documentation. Candidates are suggested to seek the advice of their native visa workplace to verify the precise paperwork required for his or her state of affairs.

Final up to date: December 29, 2021

Along with the above eventualities, international nationals who’ve been inoculated with a Chinese language COVID-19 vaccine can get pleasure from a neater visa software process with looser necessities, though they’re nonetheless restricted to the above visa varieties. The candidates can be required to supply the vaccination certificates together with the opposite software paperwork.

The loosened software necessities are:

  • Customary software process – the identical as earlier than the COVID-19 pandemic – for international nationals and their relations who journey to China for functions of “resuming work and manufacturing”.
  • A looser definition of ‘emergency want’ for software to a humanitarian visa. The definition could be expanded to incorporate reuniting with household in China, aged care, and visiting relations.
  • APEC enterprise journey card holders can apply for a enterprise visa (M visa) by presenting the unique legitimate APEC enterprise journey card and an invite letter issued by the inviting occasion in mainland China.

The under visa varieties are presently not being issued:

  • Vacationer visa (L visa)
  • Pupil visa (X1 and X2 visa) (aside from South Korean nationals)

The next visa-free insurance policies are additionally presently suspended:

  • 24/72/144-hour visa-free transit coverage
  • Hainan 30-day visa-free coverage
  • 15-day visa-free coverage for international cruise group excursions via Shanghai Port
  • Guangdong 144-hour visa-free coverage for international group excursions from Hong Kong or Macao SAR
  • Guangxi 15-day visa-free coverage for international tour teams of ASEAN international locations

Pre-flight necessities

Since July 20, 2020, the CAAC has required each international and Chinese language passengers flying into China to acquire COVID-19 adverse certificates, often called inexperienced Well being Declaration Certificates (HDC) codes, earlier than boarding if they’re flying from or transiting in any of those international locations.

Pre-flight COVID-19 testing

Passengers should take two COVID-19 checks inside 48 hours of boarding the direct flight to mainland China. The checks should consist of 1 nucleic acid take a look at (PCR take a look at) and one IgM antibody take a look at. Passengers that take a flight from a 3rd nation earlier than transferring to a direct flight to mainland China should take two COVID-19 checks in each international locations earlier than boarding the flight to China.

The COVID-19 checks have to be performed at services designated or acknowledged by Chinese language embassies within the host nation. The Chinese language embassies will rigorously assess the testing capability of host international locations and formulate journey procedures when testing situations are met. Verify the native Ministry of Overseas Affairs (MOFA) web site for lists of designated testing services within the nation of departure.

On January 4, 2022, the Chinese language Embassy within the U.S. launched up to date guidelines for passengers touring to China from the U.S. Below the brand new necessities, vacationers should arrive within the metropolis of departure seven days earlier than the date of departure of the direct China-bound flight. Throughout this era, they need to bear two rounds of COVID-19 checks, one on the seventh day previous to the flight departure and one inside 48 hours of the departure flight. Passengers should additionally bear self-monitoring and fill within the Private Well being Monitoring Kind.

For instance, if a passenger is planning to take a direct flight from Dallas to Shanghai on January 21, 2022, their testing and well being monitoring schedule could be:

  • January 14: Arrive in Dallas and take one nucleic acid COVID-19 take a look at at an authorized testing heart.
  • January 14 to 21: Bear self-monitoring and fill out the Private Well being Monitoring Kind.
  • January 19 to 21: Bear one other spherical of COVID-19 checks composed of both two nucleic acid checks from two completely different authorized testing clinics or a mix of various COVID-19 checks, relying on the passenger’s vaccination standing.

The announcement additionally specified the kind of checks that passengers should take relying on their vaccination standing.

Passengers which were totally vaccinated with an inactivated vaccine (e.g. Sinopharm and Sinovac) can take a nucleic acid take a look at for the entire required COVID-19 checks.

Passengers which were totally vaccinated with a non-inactivated vaccine (e.g. Pfizer and Moderna), are partially vaccinated, or haven’t been vaccinated should take a nucleic acid take a look at for the preliminary take a look at seven days previous to the departure flight, after which take a nucleic acid take a look at, and an S and N protein IgM antibody take a look at inside 48 hours of departure.

Making use of for a inexperienced HS/HDC code

After having taken the requisite COVID-19 checks within the nation of departure, passengers should apply for a inexperienced HS code (for Chinese language nationals) or a inexperienced HDC code (for international nationals). Overseas nationals can apply for HDC codes by registering on the MOFA web site and Chinese language nationals can apply for HS codes on the WeChat mini program “防疫健康码国际版”.

The next paperwork are required when making use of for the HDC code:

  • Damaging COVID-19 take a look at outcomes (often PCR and IgM)
  • Flight itinerary
  • If the applicant is totally vaccinated, a vaccine certificates and the Letter of Dedication on COVID-19 Vaccination have to be accomplished and signed by hand by the applicant or by their authorized guardian.
  • Different (verify the native MOFA web site for an in depth checklist of required paperwork as every departure metropolis could have completely different necessities).

The HDC and HS codes are legitimate for 2 days from the date of the earliest COVID-19 take a look at.

The inexperienced HDC code have to be obtained within the nation from which the direct flight to China departs and can’t be obtained in a 3rd nation. In case you are transferring from a 3rd nation earlier than getting a direct flight to mainland China, you will need to guarantee that there’s sufficient time between flights within the transit metropolis to acquire the requisite COVID-19 checks and apply for the inexperienced HDC code.

When flying from a 3rd nation, vacationers should additionally take two COVID-19 checks (PCR and IgM antibody) inside 48 hours of boarding the flight within the origin nation and apply for a inexperienced HDC or HS code within the origin nation.

Vacationers are suggested to verify the steering of the airline they’re flying with for data on airport COVID-19 testing services and for every other COVID-19 restrictions or necessities of the origin or transit international locations that would intervene with journey plans.

China quarantine guidelines

All passengers arriving from abroad should bear between 14 and 21 days of centralized quarantine in a government-designated lodge on the level of entry in China. The price of the quarantine lodge have to be coated by the passenger, and usually ranges between RMB 350 (US$55) and RMB 600 (US$94) per day, relying on the standard of the lodge. The passenger usually can’t select which lodge they are going to be quarantined in, though generally they are going to be given the choice to decide on between completely different worth factors.

Throughout this time, you’ll not be permitted to depart your lodge room for any motive. All vacationers should quarantine in separate lodge rooms, however youngsters below the age of 14 are permitted to quarantine in the identical room as a guardian. Additionally, you will be required to take common COVID-19 checks all through the period of the keep on the quarantine lodge.

Some cities will even require an extra seven days of well being monitoring within the arrival metropolis earlier than you’ll be able to journey to different cities in China. Well being monitoring restrictions range between districts and cities however could contain house quarantine (if you’re a resident of the arrival metropolis), restricted motion (equivalent to solely inside the group the place your home or lodge is located), and common COVID-19 checks and temperature checks.

If touring to a different metropolis in China after finishing the centralized quarantine and well being monitoring, chances are you’ll be required to bear an extra seven to 14 days of quarantine, both in a chosen quarantine lodge or below remark at house, relying on the native necessities of town or district.

Some individuals can apply for an exemption to centralized quarantine and get permission to quarantine at house for all or a part of the 14 days. These individuals embody those that are:

  • Older than 70
  • Youthful than 14
  • Pregnant
  • With an underlying medical situation

China provincial journey restrictions

To stop the unfold of COVID-19 throughout provinces and cities in China, there are a number of home prevention measures in place for home vacationers. The commonest is the requirement to point out a inexperienced well being and journey code both earlier than taking a prepare, aircraft, or bus to a unique metropolis or upon arrival.

Some cities will even require vacationers to point out a adverse COVID-19 take a look at taken within the final 48 hours, both earlier than boarding the chosen mode of transport or upon arrival on the vacation spot (or each).

Notice that many accommodations have quickly stopped accepting international company resulting from COVID-19 restrictions. Some that do settle for international company can also require them to supply a adverse COVID-19 take a look at taken inside the final 48 hours, even when town itself doesn’t impose this requirement.

In case you are staying in every other specialised or restricted space, equivalent to a college, college campus, or authorities facility, you may additionally be required to supply a adverse COVID-19 take a look at to enter even when there isn’t any city-wide requirement. It’s due to this fact suggested to name forward to make sure that the lodge or different lodging can settle for international company and to verify which paperwork are required to remain there.

Quarantine necessities for home arrivals depend upon whether or not the traveler has been to a medium or high-risk space (hold studying under for extra particulars on China’s threat tier system).

All arrivals from high-risk areas inside China can be required to bear 14 days of centralized quarantine. The necessities for arrivals from medium-risk areas range barely from metropolis to metropolis.

For instance, town of Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, requires all vacationers who come from medium-risk areas should bear seven days of centralized quarantine and an extra seven days of well being monitoring at house. Shanghai, however, requires vacationers from medium-risk areas to bear 14 days of group well being monitoring, the place they’ll keep at house (if they’re a resident of town) however have restricted motion and should bear common testing.

Vacationers can search the most recent native journey necessities by coming into the departure and vacation spot metropolis within the journey coverage search instrument on the State Council app or WeChat mini program. This service is presently solely obtainable in Chinese language.

To seek out the instrument in WeChat, search “疫情服务” (yìqíng fúwù – pandemic providers) after which select “出行防疫政策查询” (chūxíng fángyì zhèngcè cháxún – journey pandemic prevention coverage search) below the “instruments” part (实用工具 – shíyòng gōngjù).

Normally, if you’re touring from a low-risk space, you’ll not be required to quarantine, though adverse COVID-19 checks could also be required.

China’s COVID-19 threat stage system

China imposes a three-tiered system for figuring out the chance stage of a given jurisdiction in China. The chance stage is split into low-risk, medium-risk, and high-risk. The three ranges are additionally color-coded: inexperienced for low threat, yellow for medium threat, and pink for prime threat.

These shade codes additionally correspond to the colour code of the well being and journey codes that folks should current to be able to transfer freely across the nation. We clarify these codes in additional element under.

The chance ranges are assessed primarily based on the variety of new circumstances:

  • Low threat: areas with no confirmed circumstances or no new confirmed circumstances prior to now 14 days.
  • Medium threat: areas with not more than 50 new confirmed circumstances, or 50 whole, prior to now 14 days and no cluster outbreak prior to now 14 days.
  • Excessive-risk: areas with greater than 50 confirmed circumstances and a recorded cluster outbreak prior to now 14 days.

As of December 30, 2021, there have been two high-risk areas and 71 medium-risk areas in China. Verify our COVID-19 tracker for the most recent numbers.

China’s Nationwide Well being Fee additionally launched a WeChat mini program for residents to take a look at the an infection threat stage of a sure space and for frontline employees to verify the international locations and cities visited by a traveler prior to now 14 days. A ‘go to’ in a given metropolis or area constitutes a keep of over 4 hours in whole.

This system additionally permits customers to verify if they’ve taken the identical public transport as an individual who has been recognized with COVID-19 within the final 14 days.

China well being code

As a part of the home COVID-19 prevention measures, residents are required to current a inexperienced well being or journey code to enter public locations and journey between cities in China.

There are two principal well being codes required for touring inside China: The Well being Code (健康吗/随身吗) and the Journey Code (行程卡). Each well being codes are embedded into the favored messaging app WeChat, operated by Tencent, and the cost app Alipay, operated by Alibaba. The journey code will also be downloaded as a standalone app.

To acquire the codes, residents should enter data, together with an ID quantity, house deal with, well being standing, contact historical past, and residence historical past, into the apps. The apps will then generate a inexperienced, yellow, or pink QR code relying on their journey and call historical past.

The well being code tracks the holder’s well being standing primarily based on location providers and the data they’ve offered. Most cities use the identical well being code, which is able to replace robotically to the native model primarily based on the telephone’s location providers (see picture under). Nonetheless, some cities, equivalent to Beijing (which makes use of a mini program referred to as the “Well being Package” (健康宝)), have their very own standalone apps or mini applications. You might due to this fact should register for a separate native well being code when touring to sure cities.

China travel restrictions - Alipay health code

The journey code, in the meantime, tracks and lists all of the cities you may have traveled to within the final 14 days. It’s going to flip yellow in case you have traveled to a medium-risk space or pink in case you have traveled to a high-risk space within the final 14 days.

The journey code has just lately additionally added an asterisk (*) subsequent to cities that presently have a medium or high-risk space, even when different areas of town are low-risk and the holder has not traveled to the medium/high-risk areas. Some cities and districts could impose extra necessities on inbound vacationers who journey from a metropolis with an asterisk, equivalent to COVID-19 testing, even when the individual hasn’t traveled to the medium/high-risk space and the code is inexperienced.

The importance of holding a inexperienced, yellow, or pink well being code differs in several cities and areas. A inexperienced well being code usually means residents can freely transfer round and journey to completely different cities, though some cities and areas will nonetheless require inbound vacationers to quarantine or self-isolate upon arrival. The yellow or pink code could topic the holder to seven and 14 days of quarantine respectively, at house or at a chosen lodge.

Typically talking, so long as you might be touring from a low-risk space, the inexperienced shade in your well being code system received’t change. However if you’re from medium or high-risk areas, your journey to different Chinese language provinces and cities will in all probability be restricted and you’ll be required to quarantine upon arrival.

Quick observe channels with international international locations

China has arrange quick observe channels with varied international locations that can make it simpler for these touring for important enterprise or official visits to journey to and from China. To date, China has signed quick observe agreements with Germany, France, South Korea, the UK, Japan, and Singapore.

Along with the above, in November 2021, the American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) in Shanghai introduced that it had reached an settlement with the native Overseas Affairs Workplaces (FAO) to implement a US-China quick observe program in early 2022. Particulars of the fast-track program have but to be launched.

To qualify, candidates should get a letter from the native Chinese language embassy granting approval for the quick lane program. Quick observe vacationers are required to bear COVID-19 testing earlier than departure and after arrival in China. Those that take a look at adverse after arrival in China usually are not required to bear centralized quarantine however should adhere to a strictly monitored itinerary for the primary 14 days and take common checks.

In response to the European Chamber of China, supporting measures to facilitate the return of international nationals to China for pressing or obligatory functions are being carried out at an area stage, together with in Beijing, Chongqing, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanghai, and Tianjin.

In Shanghai, the MOFA and the Shanghai Municipality Authorities have issued two channels – a standard channel and a quick observe channel – to facilitate the entry into China of staff important for enterprise operations.

The fast-track channel is barely utilized to staff of firms whose nation of origin has signed a fast-track settlement with China.

Staff coming into Shanghai following the fast-track process can be allowed to start out work inside 48 hours after arrival, topic to adverse COVID-19 take a look at outcomes. These coming into Shanghai following the traditional process can be topic to a 14-day quarantine at a chosen central facility. Please see our article right here to know the detailed software procedures.

For South Korea, along with the opposite quick observe privileges, China has additionally resumed issuing visas to South Korean college students, staff employed to work in China, and people with residence permits.

China recognition of international vaccines

In April 2021, China confirmed it will settle for US vacationers inoculated with American-made vaccines. The Chinese language Embassy in the US issued a discover on April 21, 2021, permitting US passengers vaccinated with American-made non-inactivated vaccines to depart from Dallas and enter the Chinese language mainland. The accepted American-made non-inactivated vaccines embody vaccines made by Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson. The Discover required that passengers should get all of the required pictures earlier than their journey to China. China-bound passengers are nonetheless required to supply optimistic IgM antibody take a look at outcomes in addition to adverse PCR take a look at outcomes.

Will China journey restrictions be loosened in 2022?

When discussing China in 2022, a number of the most urgent questions on the minds of businesspeople are whether or not the nation will enable quarantine-free entry, reinstate vacationer and enterprise visas, and chill out its zero-Covid coverage.

The quick reply, sadly, is just not seemingly.

China’s zero-Covid coverage has confirmed, to this point, to be extraordinarily efficient at stopping the unfold of the virus via the inhabitants, even with the arrival of the extra infectious Delta variant. As of December 23, the whole variety of confirmed circumstances in China was simply 4,245.

Though the prevention measures could be thought-about drastic in different elements of the world, they largely have the help of the broader Chinese language inhabitants. That is helped by the truth that, because of the extremely focused nature of the lockdowns and journey restrictions, solely a really small proportion of the inhabitants is affected at one time – often solely these residing within the district or housing group by which a case was detected – thereby permitting nearly all of the inhabitants to stay life as regular.

As well as, the latest unfold of the Omicron variant has given much more credence to China’s prevention technique and has solely led it to double down on its present insurance policies. That is compounded by the truth that China’s home booster vaccines (which have been used to manage 2.695 billion doses as of December 20, 2021), look like weaker in opposition to the brand new Omicron variant than earlier strains. China recorded its first Omicron case in December 2021, though the variant has to this point not unfold additional within the inhabitants.

The newest outbreak and considerations over the unfold of the brand new variant have led the federal government to discourage individuals from touring throughout Chinese language New Yr – the one most energetic journey interval in China – for the third yr in a row. Measures to discourage individuals from touring have additionally been put in place, equivalent to prohibiting on-line journey companies from promoting tour tickets.

Other than real concern for the well being and well-being of the inhabitants and stability of the healthcare system, China additionally has political and financial causes for remaining unwavering in its zero-Covid stance.

In the course of the first wave of COVID-19 in Wuhan in early 2020, the federal government discovered itself the topic of a uncommon bout of criticism from the overall inhabitants as case numbers and the demise toll rose. The federal government has since labored arduous to regain the arrogance of the individuals, and a technique to do that is to make sure the fundamental livelihoods of the individuals – by offering fiscal stimulus and help, however above all else, by guaranteeing that COVID-19 is just not permitted to unfold because it did in early 2020.

However, the financial impression of the COVID-19 pandemic on China was devastating – because it was in many of the world – and but the nation has succeeded in principally bouncing again with out reopening to international journey. One of many main contributors to the post-COVID restoration was home consumption, which has been vastly boosted by low COVID-19 numbers permitting a return to regular work and productiveness.

Briefly, the financial impression of retaining borders closed is way decrease than the impression of COVID-19 spreading via the inhabitants.

So, is there no likelihood of eased restrictions in 2022?

Many have speculated that China will start to ease restrictions after a number of the main occasions in 2022 are over, particularly, the Beijing Winter Olympics in February and the twentieth Social gathering Congress in This fall 2022. As mentioned above, there are lots of different problems with concern for the federal government as regards to reopening quarantine-free worldwide journey. The restrictions are due to this fact more likely to proceed after these occasions are over.

There are, after all, some conditions that would assist persuade authorities to ease some restrictions. One is the roll-out of a extremely efficient vaccine. China is creating its personal mRNA vaccine, which is predicted to hit the market subsequent yr. Along with a home vaccine, the mRNA vaccine developed by Germany’s BioNTech and Fosun Pharma is now below administrative assessment, whereas the Shanghai-based biopharma agency Everest Drugs has signed a license settlement with the Canadian biotech firm Windfall Therapeutics to supply and promote its potential mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in China. Everest Drugs hopes to finish the China manufacturing unit by the tip of the yr.

Along with an efficient vaccine, an efficient drug to deal with COVID-19 might additionally mark a major step towards reopening. On December 8, 2021, China’s prime medication regulator, the Nationwide Medical Merchandise Administration (NMPA) authorized a neutralizing antibody mixture remedy in opposition to COVID-19, which can be utilized for adults and adolescents with gentle to reasonable signs who’re susceptible to creating extra extreme signs. Scientific trials present a major discount in hospitalization and demise, and the drug has already been used on sufferers in China.

Because it presently stands, nevertheless, China is just not prepared to totally reopen quarantine-free journey, and restrictions are anticipated to persist. The subsequent smartest thing could also be opening journey corridors with particular international locations or areas which have excessive vaccination charges and low numbers of COVID-19 circumstances, equivalent to Singapore. There have been discussions of a Hong Kong-Singapore quarantine-free journey bubble since November 2020, however every spherical has subsequently been tabled after outbreaks in one of many two jurisdictions.

About Us

China Briefing is written and produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. The follow assists international traders into China and has performed so since 1992 via places of work in Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Suzhou, Guangzhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shenzhen, and Hong Kong. Please contact the agency for help in China at [email protected]

Dezan Shira & Associates has places of work in Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore, United States, Germany, Italy, India, and Russia, along with our commerce analysis services alongside the Belt & Highway Initiative. We even have associate companies helping international traders in The Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Bangladesh.

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